EAR

Hearing Loss

Hearing is determined by the audiogram.  Various tones are presented to each ear, and you will indicate whether each tone is heard or not. Hearing loss may be divided into two types: conductive and sensorineural. A conductive hearing loss is due to abnormalities of the ear canal, eardrum, or middle ear structures, which block the conduction of sound into the inner ear. Therefore, wax in the ear, a hole in the eardrum, or fluid behind the eardrum may cause conductive hearing loss.  Conductive hearing loss is usually treatable and may resolve completely. In contrast, sensorineural hearing loss, or nerve hearing loss, is due to problems with the inner ear or with the nerve connecting the inner ear to the brain. Sensorineural hearing loss is treated with hearing aids.

Tinnitus – Noise In Your Ears

Tinnitus, or head noises, may be an intermittent sound or an annoying continuous sound in one or both ears.  Its pitch can go from a low roar to a high squeal or whine. There are many causes for “subjective tinnitus”, the noise only you can hear.  Some causes are not serious (a small plug of wax in the ear canal might cause temporary tinnitus).  Tinnitus can also be a symptom of stiffening of the middle ear bones (otosclerosis). Tinnitus may also be caused by allergy, high or low blood pressure (blood circulation problems), a tumor, diabetes, thyroid problems, injury to the head or neck, and a variety of other causes, including medications, such as anti-inflammatories, antibiotics, sedatives, antidepressants, and aspirin. In most cases, there is no specific treatment for ear and head noise.  Most causes cannot be identified.  Occasionally, medicine may help the noise.

Dizziness & Vertigo

Some people describe a balance problem by saying they feel dizzy, lightheaded, unsteady, or giddy. This feeling of imbalance or disequilibrium is sometimes caused by an inner ear problem. Others describe their balance problem by using the word vertigo, which comes from the Latin verb “to turn”. They often say that they or their surroundings are turning or spinning. Vertigo can also be triggered by problems in the inner ear.

Mieniere’s Disease

Meniere’s disease, also called idiopathic endolymphatic hydrops, is a disorder of the inner ear. Although the cause is unknown, it probably results from an abnormality in the fluids of the inner ear. In most cases, only one ear is involved. Meniere’s disease typically starts between the ages of 20 and 50 years. Men and women are affected in equal numbers.

Cholesteatoma

A cholesteatoma is a skin growth that occurs in an abnormal location, the middle ear behind the eardrum. It is usually due to repeated infection, which causes an ingrowth of the skin of the eardrum. Cholesteatomas often take the form of a cyst or pouch that sheds layers of old skin that builds up inside the ear. Over time, the cholesteatoma can increase in size and destroy the surrounding delicate bones of the middle ear. Hearing loss, dizziness, and facial muscle paralysis are rare, but can result from continued cholesteatoma growth.

Audiology –Hearing Evaluation

Our Audiology Services include a Comprehensive diagnostic hearing evaluation, counseling and aural rehabilitation. Pediatric hearing management. Hearing aid consultation and evaluation. Dispensing hearing aids, including proper fitting of a full spectrum of technology levels and styles to suit a broad range of patients’ needs.

Pediatric Ear Infections (Otitis Media)

Ear infections (otitis media) occur when fluid accumulates behind the eardrum and becomes infected. This area is called the middle ear. Ear infections are the most common illness affecting children.